We need Museum of labdanum and Perfume in Norten Crete!!!!
Sises Rethimno Crete. Northern Crete (The only place today).
HTML labdanum resin
Labdanum - Resin.
Cistus Incanus from Crete- The plant.
The bees gather the propolis. In the regions where they exist Cistus Incanus Creticus they gather the laudanum as propolis.
Propolis is a resinous mixture that honey bees collect from tree buds, sap flows, or other botanical sources. It is used as a sealant for unwanted open spaces in the hive. Propolis is used for small gaps (approximately 6 millimeters (0.24 in) or less), while larger spaces are usually filled with beeswax. Its color varies depending on its botanical source, the most common being dark brown. Propolis is sticky at and above room temperature (20 °C). At lower temperatures, it becomes hard and very brittle.
For centuries, beekeepers assumed that bees sealed the beehive with propolis to protect the colony from the elements, such as rain and cold winter drafts. However, 20th century research has revealed that bees not only survive, but also thrive, with increased ventilation during the winter months throughout most temperate regions of the world.
Propolis is now believed to:
1.reinforce the structural stability of the hive
3.make the hive more defensible by sealing alternate entrances
4.prevent diseases and parasites from entering the hive, and to inhibit bacterial growth.
5.prevent putrefaction within the hive.
Bees usually carry waste out of and away from the hive. However if a small lizard or mouse, for example, finds its way into the hive and dies there, bees may be unable to carry it out through the hive entrance. In that case, they would attempt instead to seal the carcass in propolis, essentially mummifying it and making it odorless and harmless.
Institutions that can help become Business Plan for the laudanum from the plant Cistus Creticus.
Address of Region of Crete: Eleftherias Square
Post Code: 71201 Heraklion
Regional Governor’s of Crete secretary’s office
Address of Hellenic Ministry of Rural Development and Food : Axarnon 2
Post Code : 104 32, Athens.
The laudanum from the plant Cistus creticus is unique product.
- It has unique perfume.
- It is natural product.
- It has big history (Myrrh of Bible).
Becomes a correct projection.
El Greco (Crete 1541 – Toledo April 7, 1614)
Area of labdanum is El Creco' birthplace.
Nikos Kazantzakis (Greek: Νίκος Καζαντζάκης) (February 18, 1883, Heraklion, Crete, Greece - October 26, 1957, Freiburg, Germany) was arguably the most important and most translated Greek writer and philosopher of the 20th century.
Nikos Kazantzakis 1883 -1957
Odissea - canti D - 343
Odissea - canti E - 327
His grand mother was from Sises.
She was Rasuli
Odysseas Elytis (Greek: Οδυσσέας Ελύτης) (November 2, 1911—March 18, 1996) is a legendary Greek poet,regarded as one of the most important representatives of romantic modernism in Greece and the world. In 1979 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Asterix - The village.
Labdanum is one of the four Roman encampments surrounding the' village.
Doctors of antiquity that wrote for the laudanum.
|HIPPOCRATES( 460 BC - 370 BC).|
HIPPOCRATES( 460 BC - 370 BC).
Hippocrates of Cos II or Hippokrates of Kos "father of medicine"
|THEOPHRASTUS ( 371 – c. 287 BC).|
THEOPHRASTUS ( 371 – c. 287 BC).
His two surviving botanical works, Enquiry into Plants and On the Causes of Plants, were an important influence on medieval science.
GAIUS OR CAIUS PLINIUS SECUNDUS, (AD 23 – August 24, AD 79).
Gaius or Caius Plinius Secundus, better known as Pliny the Elder, was an ancient author, naturalist or natural philosopher and naval and military commander of some importance who wrote Naturalis Historia.
|PEDANIOS DIOSKURIDES 1 AC .|
PEDANIOS DIOSKURIDES 1 AC .
Pedanios Dioskurides sd) from Anazarba in Kilikien (small Asia) (1. Century) was a Greek physician, who as an army surgeon among the emperors Claudius and Nero in the Roman service. Most famous Pharmakologe of the antiquity.
|GALEN (AD 129 –ca. 200 or 216).|
GALEN (AD 129 –ca. 200 or 216).
Galen was a prominent ancient Greek physician, whose theories dominated Western medical science for well over a millennium.
|CELSUS ( 2nd century ).|
CELSUS ( 2nd century ).
Celsus Greek philosopher and opponent of Christianity. He is known to us mainly through the reputation of his literary work, The True Word
ORIBASIUS OR OREIBASIUS (c. 320-400).
Oribasius or Oreibasius was a Greek medical writer and the personal physician of the Roman emperor Julian the Apostate.
AËTIUS AMIDENUS OR AËTIUS OF AMIDA (c. 502 - 575).
Aëtius Amidenus or Aëtius of Amida was a Byzantine physician and medical writer, particularly distinguished by the extent of his erudition .
|A drawing of Avicenna from 1271|
Abū Alī al-Husayn ibn Abd Allāh ibn Sīnā (980 CE 370 AH / 1037 CE 428 AH).
Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Sīnā ("son of Sina"; c. 980, Afshana near Bukhara– 1037, Hamadan, Iran), commonly known as Ibn Sīnā or by his Latinized name Avicenna, was a Persian polymath, who wrote almost 450 treatises on a wide range of subjects, of which around 240 have survived. In particular, 150 of his surviving treatises concentrate on philosophy and 40 of them concentrate on medicine. His most famous works are The Book of Healing, a vast philosophical and scientific encyclopaedia, and The Canon of Medicine, which was a standard medical text at many medieval universities. The Canon of Medicine was used as a text-book in the universities of Montpellier and Leuven as late as 1650. Ibn Sīnā's Canon of Medicine provides a complete system of medicine according to the principles of Galen (and Hippocrates).
For immune system. In ancient times it was used for embalming and aphrodisiac purposes. Most Cistus species have aromatic foliage but some species also exude a highly aromatic gum or resin, called ladanum or labdanum, which has been used in incenses since ancient times and is now a valuable ingredient of perfumes. Various classical writers mention its use as an emetic, for weak stomachs and livers, disorders of the spleen and diarrhoea. It has also been used for hair loss, scurvy, catarrh, asthma, stomach ulcers and cancer, as a protection against the plague and as a fumigant.