Cistus Incanus Menu.

Compact shrub, approximately 1 m (3 1/3 ft) tall and equally wide, with gray-green foliage and 5 – 6.5 cm (2 – 2 1/2 in) pink "roses" that appear in late winter – early spring. Both the leaves and flowers have a wrinkled appearance.
According to "Plants for a Future", ssp. Cistus Incanus Creticus and, I suspect, all Rock Roses, have several uses. In particular, leaves can be used as a tea substitute, whilst the oleo-resin obtained from the leaves and stems is used as a commercial food flavoring in baked goods, ice cream, chewing gum etc.

In addition, the plant is an aromatic,  expectorant, stimulant herb that controls bleeding and has antibiotic effects. It is used internally in the treatment of  catarrh and diarrhoea and as an  emmenagogue. The leaves are harvested in late spring and early summer and can be dried for later use, or the resin extracted from them.

Finally, the glandular hairs on the leaves yield the oleo-resin "ladanum", which, some sources, associate with the "myrrh" of biblical references, It is used medicinally and in soaps, perfumery,  fumigation etc. This resin is an acceptable substitute for  ambergris (which is obtained from the sperm whale) and so is important in perfume manufacture. The resin is collected by dragging a type of rake through the plant, the resin adhering to the teeth of the rake, or by boiling the twigs and skimming off the resin. Most resin is produced at the hottest time of the year.

Cistus Incanus.

Collection of labdanum today in Northen Crete.


Civilizations Menu.

Cistus - Rock Rose - Sun Rose

Danish :soløje, cistusrose (cistus).
Dutch :cistusroos.
French :ciste de Crète, ciste.
German : Zistrose (cistus).
Greek : κιστάρια, κιστά, κουνουκλιές , κίσσαρος, κίστος ο λαδανοφόρος (cistus), κίστος, κίσθαρος, κίσθος, ξιστάρια, ξισταριές, λαδανιές, αλιταριές, αλίσαρος, ατίσαρος.
Italian : cisto di creta (cistus), cisto.
Pig Latin : Ockroseray
Portuguese : cistus.
Spanish : jara (the fuzz).
Swedish : cistusros (cistus).
Turkish : laden


Cistus Incanus : The power of the Rock Rose Menu

Cistus Incanus is one of Europe richest polyphenol plants.
The herb has the age-old reputation for supporting the immune system.

Cistus Incanus Tea Only the high concentration of polyphenols from the richly
abundant leafs in small pieces are used, no wood or blending.
Cistus Incanus

1. A food supplement with no side effects
2. High concentration of polyphenols
3. The highest quality nutritional supplement
4. Support your immune system with this powerful antioxidant
5. Helps cleanse your body from toxin overload and enhance your body’s natural resistance to colds and flu
6. Richly abundant leaf, no wood or blending / pure plant content
7. Free from gene manipulated contents
8. Nominated as Europe’s PLANT OF THE YEAR OF THE YEAR 1999
9. Renowned by many Media Reports

What is Cistus Incanus?
The use of the Cistus Incanus has a long history and can be traced back to the 4th century BC. In the Middle East, northern Africa and the European Mediterranean region the Cistus Incanus was enjoyed as a wellness tea for breakfast and indeed right throughout the day as a drink for relaxing after a strenuous day. When guests arrived, it was common to offer a freshly boiled pot of the Cistus tea. The knowledge of the benefits of this tea were passed on late into the middle Ages.

Why is it called the Pink Rock Rose?
It is so because it is a small pink rockrose, a small aromatic bush. Their flowers resemble single, old-fashioned roses (although they are unrelated) and because they prefer to grow in rocky, well-drained soil. They are evergreen strongly woody shrubs, varying in height from two to over eight feet and from three to more than six feet across. Some sprawl on the ground, while others are open, erect and rangy. These are not plants for formal, highly structured gardens. Even with moderate pruning, Rock Roses have a wild, undomesticated look in the landscape. They bloom most heavily in the spring, with some species beginning as early as March. Each flower lasts only a few hours but many kinds bloom so profusely that the entire plant is covered with hundreds of new blossoms each day. Colors range from white and many shades of pink and lavender-pink in Cistus to white and yellow in Halimium. Flowers of some rockroses also have a showy red to maroon spot or blotch at the base of each petal, offering stunning contrasts to the numerous bright yellow stamens at the center.

What are Polyphenols?
Certain plant compounds containing groups of ‘phenols’ and which also contain certain antioxidant characteristics. They are very powerful antioxidants, present in several different botanicals. Polyphenols are now known to be the called the ‘Vitamins of the 21st Century’. Some of them are referred to ‘OPC’s’, ‘Proanthenols’, and Proanthocynanidis’. Super-antioxidants, also known as proanthocyanidins, pycnogenols, or OPCs, fit into this category. Research indicates that a class of polyphenols has antioxidant characteristics with potential health benefits. Like vitamins, they play a central part in our health.

Where else do you find Polyphenols? 
Polyphenols can be found in fruit, vegetables, red wine, green tea but the highest concentration of Polyphenols is only found in the CISTUS INCANUS.

Antioxidants are thought to be vital for maintaining good health, but why?
Antioxidants deactivate the free radicals in our system by attaching themselves to these cells
before they can do any harm. A diet high in anti-oxidants may reduce the risk of many diseases, including heart disease and certain cancers.
Cistus Inanus- pink flower.

What are antioxidants?
Antioxidants is a word frequently used in the media but does anyone really know what it is? Here is a simple, illustrated definition that while based on science is not in the usual scientific terminology that few of us understand. Antioxidants are a classification of several organic substances, period. Antioxidants are substances that protect cells from being damaged by oxidation, which is a chemical reaction.
Antioxidants can help the body protect itself against free radicals. They are found in certain foods. These include Vitamins A, C and E.
When your car's metal oxidizes (or rusts), it's reacting with oxygen in the air. Unfortunately, your body's molecules are vulnerable to oxidation too. This causes you to produce free radicals that contribute to signs of aging and numerous health issues. Well, there's a way to help reduce your "rusting" process.

What are free radicals?
Free radicals are unstable, destructive molecules that lack electrons. They form naturally from normal metabolic processes such as breathing, but their production can rise beyond optimal levels due to:
• Obesity
• Poor diet
• Overly strenuous exercise
• Stress
• Smoking
• And many other factors

What the Immune System Does?
The immune system is the body’s defence against infectious organisms and other invaders. Through a series of steps called the immune response, the immune system attacks organisms and substances that invade our systems and cause disease.

The Cistus Incanus has the age-old reputation for supporting the immune system. Giving our immune system an enormous boost as a food supplement. They support the body-own defense and immune system.

Cistus Incanus Creticus from northern Crete they is unique that produces the laudanum with traditional way and is the most strong.


Civilizations Menu

Labdanum has fascinated people for many centuries. It is said to reach deep into our subconscious and bring back memories, pictures, feelings and moods. Labdanum originates from the rockrose bush, which emits a resinous dark brown mass from its leaves and twigs. To this day it is still gathered by driving goats into the thick forests overgrown with labdanum bushes. The goats eat their fill from the branches and the sticky resin gets stuck on their beards. When they return, their owners carefully comb the resin our of their beards. Also used is a rakelike instrument with long strips of leather attached to it, which they drag across the bushes to collect the resin. Labdanum strengthens the body and provides warmth and sensuality. It is very grounding. The fragrance of Labdanum is very complex. This waxy resin produces a balsamlike, woody, earthy, marshy, smoky, ambergrislike, leathery, flowery, honeylike, mintlike fragrance with hints of plum or oakmoss after a rain. The Japanese use Labdanum in their Neriko mixtures, which are used during tea ceremony. Egyptians used it in their Kyphi mixtures and the Hebrews burned it in their temples. Today the perfume industry uses labdanum to add a note of moss and leather to its products. Labdanum is an excellent medium for making fragrant incense pellets.


Ladanum, gum gathered from the rock rose.
Cistus gum
Akkadian: ladunu.
Assyrian: Ladanu
Greek: Ledanum
Latin: Ladanum Labdanum
Balm of Gilead
Myrrh Old Testament
Rose of Sharon
Hebrew: Lot
Englisch: Ladanum
German: Labdanum, Ladenharz, Ladan, Gummi or Resina Labdanum
French: Ladanum
Spanish: Ládano
Turkish: Ladaen
Arabic: Ladhan

 Minoan civilization(3000-1450 BC)
 Labdanum was acquaintance and it is exported in ancient Egypt.

The blue bird. Above left it is the flower Cistus Creticus

Two Aromatic Herbs of Ancient Crete P. Faure
From the Minoan era, in the middle of the second millennium BC. and still today, Crete has been famous for the variety and wealth of its flora and its aromatic herbs, in particular. The most celebrated among them, known especially for their healing properties, are the ladanos, or labdanum, of the Cistus Creticus Incanus genus, called po-ni-ki-jo by the Mycenaens and the dictamos, a marjoram known in Botany as Origanum Dictamnus. This plant, being an attribute of the goddesses Dictyna and Artemis Vritomartys and of god Eros, was also called "theangelis (= gods' messager) after the role Eros usually has played among the other deities. 


Prodtus of Cistus Menu.

Essential oil.
Essential oils are volatile and liquid aroma compounds from natural sources, usually plants. Essential oils are not oils in a strict sense, but often share with oils a poor solubility in water. Essential oils often have an odor and are therefore used in food flavoring and perfumery. Essential oils are usually prepared by fragrance extraction techniques such as distillation (including steam distillation), cold pressing, or extraction (maceration). Essential oils are distinguished from aroma oils (essential oils and aroma compounds in an oily solvent), infusions in a vegetable oil, absolutes, and concretes. Typically, essential oils are highly complex mixtures of often hundreds of individual aroma compounds.

Steam distillation 

Steam distillation is a special type of distillation (a separation process) for temperature sensitive materials like natural aromatic compounds.
Many organic compounds tend to decompose at high sustained temperatures. Separation by normal distillation would then not be an option, so water or steam is introduced into the distillation apparatus. By adding water or steam, the boiling points of the compounds are depressed, allowing them to evaporate at lower temperatures, preferably below the temperatures at which the deterioration of the material becomes appreciable. If the substances to be distilled are very sensitive to heat, steam distillation can also be combined with vacuum distillation. After distillation the vapors are condensed as usual, usually yielding a two-phase system of water and the organic compounds, allowing for simple separation.

Aromatic plant material is normally distilled very soon after harvest to attain the highest yield.
Essential oils from the plants are evaporated with the steam that rises through the aromatic plant material.

Steam is then cooled to condense into liquid droplets.

The oil and water naturally separate, yielding essential oil and the water by-product called floral water or hydrolate.

Essential oil of Cistus Incanus Creticus.

Labdanum Oil Enhances Neural Activity

Labdanum is a single of those shrubs that makes ancient history an interesting as well as intriguing tale. Mediterranean sheep and goat herders ended up the first group to figure out what to do together with the sticky resin through the bushes. They collected the resin by combing the thighs and beards of goats that grazed on the cistus shrubs. They developed wooden rakes with a double row of wooden thongs to sweep the shrubs so the resin could be collected and then extracted.

The pharaohs had been the first group to use labdanum around the body. Almost all of them wore goat hair beards, which have been attached for the face with labdanum. The resin was also used to treat rheumatism, colds, and menstrual challenges. Some biblical scholars believe the holy incense mentioned within the bible (Ketoret) was actually labdanum.

The labdanum oil used in aromatherapy is actually an item of steam distilling the leaves and branches with the shrubs. Labdanum’s aroma is described as sweet, woody, and leathery with a dry musk as well as amber scent. The perfume market uses labdanum because it displays a number of scents that can be enhanced inside the perfume making process.

Most essential oils have antiseptic, antimicrobial, astringent, expectorant, balsamic, antitussive, emmenagogue, and tonic properties and labdanum is no various. The oil is used to treat diarrhea, dysentery, skin conditions, tumors, and arthritis because it blends well with clary sage, pine, juniper berry, cyprus, lavender, bergamot, sandalwood, and chamomile oil. The oil can be massaged into the skin or diluted in a bath to relieve coughs, colds, and scrofulous skin issues.

The main use for labdanum is to relax the nerves, ease stress, and promote a calm presence. When the thick labdanum oil is warm it truly is reputed to have the ability to change thoughts, which move emotions back through the brink of negativity, and into the light of connected control.

The oil will loosen tight muscles, and improve circulation; it carries more oxygen to the organs and the brain. When stress stretches the nervous system to the position of depression or when the emotions titter about the brink of a hormonal overload, labdanum will interact with all the adrenal glands and begin to balance hormone secretion.

Loyal labdanum users like to combine meditation with a few drops in the oil in order to reach a state of relaxation, often with other essential oils these kinds of as frankincense to deepen the breath or patchouli for its cherished grounding effects. That process helps neural impulses return to their normal state, and emotions flow in a stream of beneficial thoughts.

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  • Labdane.

Labdane is a natural bicyclic diterpene. It forms the structural core for a wide variety of natural products collectively known as labdanes or labdane diterpenes. The labdanes were so named because the first members of the class were originally obtained from labdanum, a resin derived from rockrose plants.
A variety of biological activities have been determined for labdane diterpenes including antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal, and anti-inflammatory activities.